Risk of swine fever outbreak in germany high

risk of swine fever outbreak in germany high

The risk of african swine fever (ASF) entering germany remains high, with new cases in poland and the czech republic. A spokeswoman for the friedrich loeffler institute (FLI) said that humans pose a particular danger.

Thus, the disease, which is advancing from eastern europe towards the west, could very quickly be introduced into germany through contaminated food leftovers disposed of at rest stops.

The disease was introduced into the EU via georgia and russia, and has now been detected in six member states. In poland, swine fever has reached as far west as the capital warsaw. According to the FLI, between the end of november and the beginning of january, 279 new cases of the disease occurred in wild boar in poland. The situation there was assessed by the researchers as alarming.

In the czech republic, where the epidemic is concentrated in the zlin region on the slovak border, 25 new cases have been registered since the end of november. Last year, according to the FLI, there were a total of 248 outbreaks of disease in domestic pigs and 3859 in wild boar in the baltic states, ukraine, romania, poland and the czech republic. No end seems to be in sight.

The pathogen is not dangerous to humans. In pigs, however, the disease is fatal in almost all cases. There is no vaccine against the disease. An introduction into breeding farms could therefore lead to serious economic damage. Federal agriculture minister christian schmidt (CSU) described the situation as "quite serious" on tuesday. "We are trying to prepare ourselves as best we can," schmidt told the "passauer neue presse.". He called for strict hygiene and precautionary measures. "From the pig farmer to the handler to the traveler, everyone must help to prevent the spread of the disease."

For several months, the federal and state governments have been preparing for the worst-case scenario of a possible outbreak of the disease in germany. Hunting of black boar was intensified, including on tuesday along the A2 near bielefeld. Around 100 hunters from eight hunting grounds were spread over around 900 hectares of forest along the route, which is considered a main traffic route from eastern europe via berlin to north rhine-westphalia. A double-digit number of wild boars should be shot there by the afternoon.

Authorities and hunting associations have also drawn up a catalog of measures to be taken in the event of an outbreak of the disease. Accordingly, similar to the czech republic, three danger zones have been established. While in the core zone immediately around the site of the discovery, the focus of control was on the collection of carcasses, wild boars were hunted intensively, especially in the outer buffer zone. Researchers assume that a massive reduction of the wild boar population by more than 70 percent is necessary to prevent the spread of african swine fever there. Nevertheless, no country affected by ASF has yet succeeded in eradicating the disease.

The president of the mecklenburg-vorpommern farmers’ association, detlef kurreck, said it was not a question of whether the disease would reach the country, but when. The african swine fever will have an impact on germany before it crosses the border. For this case, the farmers needed certainty of action. Kurreck called for the state to install a system with a fixed chain of command. The seriousness of the situation was recognized by managers and farmers.

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