After the normally rather moody april, the nice weather usually turns up in may. But beware: from 12. Up to 15. May the ice saints are in the calendar, which usually let the cold come back once again. These days are furrowed with gardeners and farmers. For it was only after these that his frost-sensitive plants were to be put out into the garden unprotected.
An old farmer’s rule therefore says: "pankraz, servaz and bonifaz, gladly make way for ice and frost; and in the end never lacks, the cold sophie." (15. May)." These four saints have hardly anything in common, apart from the fact that their feast days lie next to each other.
Pankratius was beheaded at the age of 14, presumably under emperor diocletian. Supposedly he was the son of a rich phrygian who was converted to christianity by pope cornelius. His grave was found at the second mile of the via aurelia, where pope symmachus loved to build him a basilica around 500. His cult is widespread throughout central europe. Occasionally it is also found among the 14 emergency helpers.
Servatius probably came from the orient and was one of the main opponents of the arians at the synod of sardica. Afterwards he became bishop of tongern. 366 and 384 journeys to rome are attested, he died in maastricht in 384. Boniface among the saints of the ice is not the apostle of the germans, but boniface of tarsus, whose feast day is on the 14th of december. May is celebrated. After a novelistic greek passio he died in the 4. Century for his faith in tarsus. The body brought to rome was buried on the via latina.
Sophie finally came from the east of the roman empire according to a legendary passio. When she came to rome with her three daughters, they were imprisoned there because of their faith and the daughter was beheaded. The mother died shortly after at the grave of her children.
Waiting for sophie
Only after these frosty fellows, that is, on 16. May, the gardeners used to bring out their pre-pulled plants in the garden. Before, they were kept on the windowsill or in the "manure bed", that could be covered, grow up.
In the past, the people from herzogenaurach used to get plants they didn’t grow themselves from blumen schoetzau (erlanger strabe 4, previously "buri ger"), schaufler (erlanger strabe 19), the gauch nursery (noppengasse 7) or meidel (bamberger strabe 18). There were also plants in the liebfrauenhaus, which used to run its own nursery. There you could buy compost as well as plants from a sister of the order. A large area was managed by the liebfrauenhaus for self-sufficiency in its own right. Besides, it was customary among the gardeners to "lay" the beans on the first friday in may. But also for the potatoes the motto was: "stick me in april, kummi ifi will!; steckst mi im mai, kummi glei!"